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Local Builder Pattern Broken in Java?

Time and again, when I want to break up a longish Java method into smaller parts, I find myself wishing back the by-reference parameters and access to surrounding local procedure variables of Pascal. Now, I know that the discipline of trying to always pass all required arguments explicitly, and to not rely on changes to by-ref params is often helpful. Nevertheless, sometimes it gets in the way. One fairly clutter free approach to get Pascal's features back goes like this:
public interface LocalBuilder {
T build();
and then:
public MyClass computeIt() {
new LocalBuilder() {
final int input1 = ...;
final int input2 = ...;
int state1 = ...;
int state2 = ...;

public MyClass build() {
return result();

private void stepOne() { ... }
private void stepTwo() { ... }
private MyClass result() { ... }

While this basically works, it has a few problems:
  • Exceptions thrown by build() must be declared already on the interface. This is a serious problem.
  • For native types such as int, one must provide dedicated interfaces such as LocalIntBuilder with an int build() method, or else go with boxing.
If anyone has a better pattern, I'd be glad to hear about it!


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